HISTOIRE



SCAPEGOAT = bouc émissaire

THRUST = pushing action)
[+sword, knife] coup = propulsive force) [+engine] poussée
→ The direction of thrust is controlled by computer.
→ The cabin shook with the thrust of the engine = poussée de propulsion
→ The pilot puts the engine into reverse thrust to quickly slow the plane down.
= emphasis  axe
the main thrust of sth = l'axe principal de qch
→ The main thrust of the research will be the study of the early Universe
= push = pousser brusquement
→ to thrust sth in sth= fourrer qch dans qch / They thrust him into the jeep.
He thrust his hands into his pockets. Il fourra ses mains dans ses poches.

BEACON = ( lighthouse )fanal m
→ to be a beacon of hope(=encouraging) = être porteur d'espoir
Our Parliament has been a beacon of hope to the peoples
= balise f radio beacon / radiophare

JINX = n (=curse) mauvais sort m , sort m
→ There's a jinx on it, mark my words.
to put a jinx on sth jeter un sort à qch
to put a jinx on sb porter la poisse à qn
(=person who brings bad luck) personne f qui porte la poisse
→ I am not a jinx

FORSAKE ( forsook pt) (forsaken pp) vt abandonner

FOE = ennemi ; adversaire

FANG = [+dog, wolf] croc / [+snake] crochet

SKULL DUGGERY = unscrupulous /trickery

TO STROLL = se promener

WANE =[moon] décroître The moon was waning. Diminuer [reputation, interest] décliner

ABYSMAL = adj (= appalling) consternant (e)

DRONE vi [bee] bourdonner
[engine] ronronner
- drone on [person] parler d'une voix monocorde
→ I remember him droning on about how important it was to study literature.
n (=noise) [+insect] bourdonnement m
[+plane, traffic] ronronnement m
→ ... the steady drone of the traffic.
(=male bee) faux-bourdon m
→ The queen is likely to mate with two or three drones

RAMBLE = n randonnée f
→ We were out on a country ramble.
→ an hour's ramble through the woods
to go for a ramble faire une randonnée
vi (=hike) faire de la randonnée
→ I was rambling over the hills of Yorkshire.
→ ... freedom to ramble across the moors.
(=talk confusedly) radoter
→ He often rambled and said strange things.
→ sometimes she spoke sensibly, other times she rambled
→ ramble on
vi (=talk at length) déblatérer
→ she only half-listened as Ella rambled on
to ramble on about sth déblatérer sur qch → She began rambling on about her childhood.

BOULDER = gros rocher (généralement lisse, arrondi)
→ Bouldering = escalade/varape /rock-climbing

HEED vt (=take notice of) [+advice, warning] tenir compte de
→ Few at the conference in London last week heeded his warning.
n to pay heed to sb/sth tenir compte de qn/qch
→ He pays too much heed these days to his nephew Tom.
to take no heed = ne pas faire attention
→ But what if the government takes no heed?

DOGGEDNESS = n (resoluteness) obstination f
→ Most of my accomplishments came as the result of sheer doggedness

SNORT = grognement She gave a snort of disgust/person/grogner
→My sister snorted with laughter.[horse] renâcler /[pig] grogner
[+drugs] sniffer

SULK vi bouder
→ She had sulked all weekend.
n bouderie f
→ She must be tired of my sulks
to be in a sulk bouder
sulking pr. boudant
tirer la gueule= to be sulking
Sulk bouderie
sulk vt. = bouder
to be in a sulk =bouder

ERRANDS = courses

COVET = vt (=envy) convoiter

MOO = for cleaning balai à laver
[+hair, curls] tignasse f
→ He was long-limbed and dark-eyed, with a mop of tight, dark curls.
mop of hair tignasse f
→ ... a coarse mop of black hair.
vt (=wash) [+floor] éponger
→ I've spent all morning mopping the floors. → There was a woman mopping the stairs.
[+brow] s'éponger
→ The Inspector took out a handkerchief and mopped his brow.
mop up = vt sep [+liquid] éponger
→ A waiter mopped up the mess
(=deal with) nettoyer
They mopped up remaining pockets of resistance. Ils ont nettoyé les dernières poches de résistance.
→ These reactive molecules are mopped up and made harmless by Vitamin E.

EMBEZZLE = vt/money/détourner One former director embezzled $34 million in company funds

WHIMPER = n gémissement m
→ David's crying subsided to a whimper to give a whimper pousser un gémissement
→ The little boy gave a whimper. without a whimper(=without complaining) sans rechigner
→ They paid up without a whimper. vi [person, dog] gémir to whimper in pain gémir de douleur
→ She lay on the stairs, whimpering in pain.

BERSEK = [person, outburst] fou (folle) furieux (-euse)
to go berserk (=become furious) devenir fou furieux She went berserk.Elle est devenue folle furieuse. (=go crazy) se déchaîner

SNEER = n ricanement /vi ricaner

DIN n vacarme m → They couldn't sleep because of the din.
→ the din of the crowd
vt to din sth into sb
enfoncer q km moi ch dans la tête/caboche de qn

DOGGEDNESS n (resoluteness) obstination f
→ Most of my accomplishments came as the result of sheer doggedness

HEATHEN = païen(ne)

TO STROLL = se promener

ASBESTOS = Amiante

BEHEST = ordre
At the behest of conj.
à la diligence de ; à la dem ...
at the behest of sb exp. =sur l'ordre de qn
at sb's behest exp. = sur l'ordre de qn

WALLOW vi (in mud) = se vautrer
→ ... creatures who wallowed like hippopotami in mud.
to wallow in misery, to wallow in one's grief se complaire dans son malheur
→ At first I only wanted to wallow in my misery.
Wallow = Bauge

ENDEAVOUR = UK endeavor (US)
(=attempt) tentative f → His first endeavours in the field were wedding films.
(=effort) effort m → this exciting new field of endeavour
→ the benefits of investment in scientific endeavour
human endeavour effort m humain
→ It is a marvel of engineering and human endeavour
vi to endeavour to do sth tenter de faire qch, s'efforcer de faire qch
→ He endeavoured to adopt a positive attitude

SLEDGE = n luge f traîneau sledge vi. = faire de la luge

SPITE = n (=malice) méchanceté f
out of spite par méchanceté
→ He wrote that review out of pure spite.
in spite of (prep) malgré, en dépit de
→ In spite of poor health, my father was always cheerful. vt contrarier → They are being provocative and controversial just to spite us. He just did it to spite me. C'est juste pour me contrarier qu'il a fait ça.

URCHIN = sea urchin =oursin /Street urchin =gosse de la rue

MAR = vt (=spoil) gâcher, gâter
→ A series of ugly incidents marred last Monday's protest.

EMBEZZLE vt/money/détourner
→One former director embezzled $34 million in company funds

PLUME = a plume of smoke = une colonne de fumée
→(=feather) [+bird] plume /the plumes of the helmet = le plumet du casque

PANTRY (=cupboard) garde-manger m inv  (=room) office

DIN n vacarme m
→They couldn't sleep because of the din.
→ the din of the crowd
vt to din sth into sb
enfoncer q km moi ch dans la tête/caboche de qn

FURLOUGH = (US) = [+worker] congé / [+soldier] permission

HARNESS n [+horse] harnais m - safety harness harnais m
→ High chairs should have a harness to stop the child from slipping under or standing up.
→ Adjust the harness every time you travel to allow for varying thicknesses of your child's clothing.
→ Make sure your child is held tight by the seat's own harness. = [+resources, power, potential] exploiter
→ Techniques harnessing the energy of the sun are being developed.
→ One problem with harnessing solar energy is that it is not constant.
[+emotions, skills, talents] exploiter ? the movement's ability to harness the anger of all Ukrainians
→ Newcastle were never able to harness the talents of Alan Shearer in attack.
[+animal] atteler
→ a dog harnessed to a sledge

RAVENOUS adj affamé (e) to be ravenous avoir une faim de loup / I'm ravenous! J'ai une faim de loup!

CVA = AVC = cerebrovascular accident

RIGMAROLE = n[+process] comédie
→ I don't imagine you want to go through all that rigmarole.
→ THE rigmarole forced on UK insurers by the EU Insurance Accounts Directive
galimatiasn.twaddle ; rigmarole ; gibb [...]
c'est toute une affaire/histoiore = it's a whole rigmarole

MUZZLE = (= nose and mouth of animal) museau
→ Rex presented his muzzle for scratching. (protective device) muselière / to wear a muzzle [dog] porter une muselière 
→ Pit bull terriers have to wear a muzzle. [+gun]   gueule f  vt  [+dog] museler 
→ All dogs are supposed to be muzzled in the streets. [+person, press]museler 
→ He complained of being muzzled by the chairman ...       
→ Besides, Roosevelt had pretty well muzzled the press.     

SHENANIGAN = manigances/magouille/tour

HINDRANCE = Obstacle
→ Her new ideas may be more of a hindrance than an asset.
→ Being the daughter of a famous film star can be more of a hindrance than a help in getting your career off the ground.

MELLIFLUOUS = adj mélodieux

WIMP = froussard mauviette

THROBBING = palpitation/ pulsatif

SWIRL = movement [+water,smoke] tourbillon
the slow swirl of the stream
[+cream] volutes fpl
vi[water, smoke, mist] tourbillonner
[skirt] tourbillonner
vt [+wine, water] faire tourner

CREED ( = religiousbelief) croyance (=principles) philosophie
→ no matter what race or creed

RUEFULLY = adv [grin, look] d'un air contrit
→ He grinned at her ruefully. TO RUE = vt = se repentir to rue the day = literary se repentir to rue the day you did sth = se repentir d'avoir fait qch

PERUSE = read consulter → We perused the company's financial statements for the past five years ... → She found the information while she was perusing a copy of Life magazine

COO = vi roucouler

WANE = vi [moon] décroître → The moon was waning.
→ [reputation, interest] décliner
→ His interest in these sports began to wane.
to be on the wane = être sur le déclin
→ The influence of the Communist Party was clearly on the wane

SWADDLING = emmaillotement

TROUGH = n drinking trough abreuvoir m
→ The old stone cattle trough still sits by the main entrance. = feeding trough = auge f
=low area between waves= creux =low point(in trade, business, consumption, evolution, career) =creux

SOLACE v. consoler n. réconfort ; consolation
→ to take solace from
v. se consoler grâce à

ALLOT vt (=share out)
[+seats, places, space, money] répartir, distribuer
→ All seats are allotted in advance.
[+time] répartir
to allot sth to sb/sth [+time] allouer qch à qn/qch
→ We were allotted half an hour to speak.
to allot sth to sb [+duties] assigner qch à qn
[+money] allouer qch à qn
→ Some $2 million has been allotted as investment capital to the Northwest Territories Development Corporation.
in the allotted time dans le temps imparti
→ They failed to complete the exam in the allotted time

WALLOW vi (in mud) se vautrer
→ ... creatures who wallowed like hippopotami in mud.
to wallow in misery, to wallow in one's grief se complaire dans son malheur
→ At first I only wanted to wallow in my misery.
Wallow = Bauge

PHILANDERER = Dom Juan

HENGE = mégalithe

BRAZEN = sans gêne ; de cuivre
brazen face = n. effronté
To brazen it out =la jouer au culot

TINCTURE = teinture

TARP = (mainly US) bâche/toile goudronnée

OBLIVIOUS = oblivious to sth = oublieux de qch
They stood motionless, oblivious to everything but their own thoughts =
Ils se tenaient immobiles, oublieux de tout sauf de leurs propres pensées.
→to be oblivious to sth ne pas être conscient de qch
→People are totally oblivious to who I am. = Les gens ne sont absolument pas conscients de qui je suis.
→to be oblivious of sth = ne pas être conscient de qch

CHUCK = throw , lancer, jeter
→ I feel like chucking the bottle through the windscreen.
That night he decided to chuck his job. (finish with)(British) [+job] ; lâcher
plaquer =He's fed up because his girlfriend's just chucked him. chuck in /chuck out  [+person] flanquer dehors/ à la porte
→ We were chucked out of the meeting

WOO = vt = [+woman] faire la cour à , courtiser

KALE = chou frisé

RUT = (in ground) = ornière f
ZOOLOGY = rut
(=boring routine) routine
→ to be in a rut = suivre l'ornière, s'encroûter

SCOURGE = fléau

THRUST = pushing action)
[+sword, knife] coup = propulsive force) [+engine] poussée f
→ The direction of thrust is controlled by computer.
→ The cabin shook with the thrust of the engine = poussée de propulsion
→ The pilot puts the engine into reverse thrust to quickly slow the plane down.
= emphasis axe
the main thrust of sth = l'axe principal de qch
→ The main thrust of the research will be the study of the early Universe
=push =pousser brusquement
→ to thrust sth in sth= fourrer qch dans qch/They thrust him into the jeep.
He thrust his hands into his pockets. Il fourra ses mains dans ses poches.

CONUMDRUM = ( = puzzle) énigme this theological conundrum of the existence of evil and suffering in a world created by a good God.

SCOLD = vt sermonner
→ Mother scolded me this morning for being rude to you
gronder ; réprimander ; sermonner ; gourmander

PERUSE =read consulter
→ We perused the company's financial statements for the past five years ...
→ She found the information while she was perusing a copy of Life magazine

WEAVER n = tisserand (e) m/f

CHORE = boring task = corvée

PLUME = a plume of smoke = une colonne de fumée (=feather) [+bird] plume /the plumes of the helmet = le plumet du casque

FIEND = démon /such a saint to his patients and such a fiend to his children

BEMOAN = vt déplorer
→ She bemoaned her lack of qualifications.

WILY = (prononcer whyly) adj rusé (e) / astucieux

IMPUGN =[+motives, integrity] contester

AWE =fear respect mêlé de crainte
→ he is also remembered with affection and awe by the many postgraduate translation students
(=wonder) respect m mêlé d'admiration
→ Who can look on the bust of Tutankhamun and not be silenced in awe?
to be in awe of sb/sth, to stand in awe of sb/sth = être en admiration devant qn/qch
→ She is in awe of his learning.
to be awed by sth/sb être en admiration devant qn/qch
→ I am still awed by David's courage.
→ awe-inspiring , awesome adj apte à frapper les imaginations

HOOF = sabot (CLOG = sabot / chaussure)

SIFT vt [+flour, icing sugar, sand] tamiser
→ Always sift icing sugar through a fine sieve.
[+evidence] passer au crible
sift through vt fus [+evidence, data = passer au crible
Sifting pr. part tamisant (vt.)
sifting n. tri / sifting n. tamisage
sifting pr. part triant

POTHER = tapage / Why all this pother? Pourquoi tout ce raffut ?

SNORT = grognement She gave a snort of disgust/person/grogner
My sister snorted with laughter.[horse] renâcler /[pig] grogner
[+drugs] sniffer

TROUGH n drinking trough abreuvoir m
→ The old stone cattle trough still sits by the main entrance. feeding trough = auge f
=low area between waves= creux =low point(in trade, business, consumption, evolution, career) =creux

MIRE = empêtrer embourber patauger
Fange / bourbier = the mire (=serious difficulties)
They have struggled out of the mire.Ils se sont sortis du bourbier.
to be in the mire = être dans le bourbier
→ The Transport Secretary is in the mire again
to sink into the mire (=get into difficulties) s'embourber
→ his rivals gradually sank into the mire
to be deep in the mire être embourbé dans la crise
a company deep in the mire une compagnie profondément embourbée dans la crise

RATCHET = cliquet /roue à cliquet = ratchet wheel / faire augmenter

CREED = ( = religiousbelief) croyance
→ no matter what race or creed
(=principles) philosophie

DISCREPANCY = between versions, opinions = divergence

ABIDE = vt (=stand) [+person, behaviour] souffrir, supporter
I can't abide it je ne peux pas le supporter
→ She cannot abide the thought of him being tortured.
→ Did your parents argue much? the counsellor asked. Never. Hardly ever. Dad couldn't abide it ... he was a very calm man.
I cant abide him = je ne peux pas le supporter, je ne peux pas le souffrir
→ while he was fond of his sister, he could not abide his brother-in-law.
→ I can't abide people who can't make up their minds.
can't abide doing sth, I can't abide living here. Je ne supporte pas de vivre ici.
→ she can't abide seeing older people consigned to the fringes of the medical system
ABIDE BY vt fus (=respect) [+rules, law, decision, terms] respecter
→ They must abide by the rules.
→ They agreed to abide by the terms of the contract.
→ Contestants must abide by the judge's decision.
→ Their government has confirmed that it will abide by the United Nations resolution

LINGERING = adj [hope, doubt, feeling] persistant (e)
→ lingering doubts remained

STOOP = n (=hunched shoulders) to have a stoop = être voûté (e)
US) = [+house] perron m
vi (=have a stoop) se voûter
→ Tall people often stoop in order to make themselves look shorter.
(=bend) se baisser → He stooped and picked up his case.
(=lower oneself) s'abaisser
to stoop to sth s'abaisser à qch
→ The depths to which newspapers will stoop to get a story never fails to astound me.
to stoop to doing sth s'abaisser à faire qch

HUMDRUM adj [existence, job] monotone, routinier (-ière) Her lawyer husband, trapped in a humdrum but well-paid job

SOOTH = apaiser
Four powerful massage nodes relax and sooth your tight and overused muscles.

DAWDLE = vi traîner, lambiner flâner / to dawdle over doing sth=traîner pour faire qch

EMBER = braise /fan the embers = attiser les braises

ACUMEN n perspicacité f
business acumen sens des affaires
→ political acumen = sens m de la politique
→ He is famed for his political acumen and will be a vital link with the Americans

KEG = powder keg baril/fût/tonnelet de poudre

APT = (=suitable) [description, words] juste
→ an apt description of the situation
→ These words are as apt today as in 1929.
→ an apt quotation from Hamlet (=likely)
to be apt to do sth être susceptible de faire qch, avoir tendance à faire qch
→ She was apt to wave her hands about.
→ This weather is apt to be more common in winter.
→ Healthy, happy babies are apt to grow faster.
(=able) doué (e) , apte
apt at doué (e) pour, apte à

ALMS = n aumône f

ARSON = incendie criminel

SWIRL=movement [+water,smoke] tourbillon
the slow swirl of the stream
[+cream] volutes fpl
vi[water, smoke, mist] tourbillonner
[skirt] tourbillonner
vt [+wine, water] faire tourner

CVA = AVC = cerebrovascular accident

TWEEZERS = pincettes / a pair of tweezers / pince à épiler / tweezers = une pince à épiler

CHATTEL = goods = biens meubles

GIDDY adj (=dizzy)
to be giddy /to feel giddy = avoir la tête qui tourne
→ He had a headache and felt giddy.
to feel giddy with excitement ne plus tenir en place
→ She was giddy with excitement as she waited for his train to arrive.[height]vertigineux (-euse)
(=thoughtless) étourdi (e)

VAGARY = caprice
VAGARY the vagaries of the weather = les caprices du temps

FATHOM = brasse / mesure depth sonder, pénétrer , comprendre , piger

NEIGH = Hennir

LISP n zézaiement m
to have a lisp, to speak with a lisp zézayer
He has a slight lisp., He speaks with a slight lisp. = Il zézaie légèrement. vi zézayer
→ The little man, upset, was lisping badly

FRAY = to enter the fray, to join the fray[competitor] entrer en lice
Jump into the fray, enter the fray descendre dans l'arène, enter the fray vt.
entrer en lice ; se jeter dans
→ ... a second round of voting when new candidates can enter the fray
→ Diesel has also entered the fray, with novelty packaging
→ Last year Asda joined the fray with a travel insurance policy
the political fray la mêlée politique
→ You must place yourself beyond parties and above the political fray
vt [+material] effilocher
vi [fabric, cuff, stitching] s'effilocher
→ The cotton had begun to fray at the edges

HARNESS = n [+horse] harnais m - safety harness harnais m
→ High chairs should have a harness to stop the child from slipping under and standing up.
Adjust the harness every time you travel to allow for varying thicknesses of your child's clothing.
Make sure your child is held tight by the seat's own harness. [+resources, power, potential] exploiter
→ Techniques harnessing the energy of the sun are being developed.
One problem with harnessing solar energy is that it is not constant.
[+emotions, skills, talents] exploiter ? the movement's ability to harness the anger of all Ukrainians
Newcastle were never able to harness the talents of Alan Shearer in attack.
[+animal] atteler
→a dog harnessed to a sledge

RODENT = n rongeur

CORDUROY = velours côtelé

SOLACE v. consoler
n. réconfort ; consolation
→to take solace from
v. se consoler grâce à

SLUICE = n écluse f / vt to sluice down, to sluice out / laver à grande eau
→ We sluiced out the trough

POULTICE = cataplasme poultice =mettre un cataplasme

FURNACE =n fourneau

GROPE = vi to grope for sth → vt = to grope one's way through the darkness/avancer à tâtons dans l'obscurité = Peloter

ALLOT = vt (=share out)
[+seats, places, space, money] répartir, distribuer
→ All seats are allotted in advance.
[+time] répartir
→ to allot sth to sb/sth [+time] allouer qch à qn/qch
→ We were allotted half an hour to speak.
to allot sth to sb = [+duties] assigner qch à qn
[+money] allouer qch à qn
→ Some $2 million has been allotted as investment capital to the Northwest Territories Development Corporation. in the allotted time dans le temps imparti
→ They failed to complete the exam in the allotted time

FORLORN = adj = lonely
person abandonné/e,délaissé/e
→ One of the demonstrators, a young woman, sat forlorn on the pavement ...
→ He looked a forlorn figure as he limped off after 26 minutes.
(=abandoned) [place] abandonné (e)
→ They headed inland on a forlorn road that was rutted and pocked ...
→ The once glorious palaces stood empty and forlorn.
[hope, attempt] vain (e)
→ ... the forlorn hope of finding a better life in cities
→ ... a forlorn attempt to patch up our differences

UNCANNY = adj = étrange I have an uncanny ability to pick the wrong man. I had this uncanny feeling that I was seeing the future. étrange , troublant (e)

EGREGIOUSLY = considérablement / de façon flagrante
→ The tax code is egregiously complicated
→ Le code fiscal est tout simplement exagérément compliqué.

HEX = sorcière / sort

SLUICE = n écluse f / vt to sluice down, to sluice out / laver à grande eau
→ We sluiced out the trough

LULL = n accalmie f
after a lull of several weeks après une accalmie de plusieurs semaines
→ After a lull of several weeks, there has been a resumption of bombing.
the lull before the storm = le calme avant la tempête
vt (=soothe) apaiser, calmer
to be lulled by sth [+motion, music] = être bercé (e) par qch
→ you can simply sit back, lulled by the rhythmic motion of the boat
to lull sb into a state of serenity procurer à qn une sensation de bien-être
→ The sound of my breathing lulled me into a state of serenity
to lull sb to sleep = endormir qn
→ The steady hum of the engines lulled her to sleep.
→ Little by little the rocking of the ferry lulled them to sleep.
(=mislead) = to be lulled into sth, It is easy to be lulled into a false sense of security. Il est facile de se laisser aller à croire que tout va bien.
→ The superficial health of the US economy today should not lull us into a false sense of security.
I had been lulled into thinking the publicity would be a trivial matter. Je m'étais laissé aller à croire que la publicité serait un détail sans importance.

SULK = vi bouder
→ She had sulked all weekend.
n bouderie f → She must be tired of my sulks
to be in a sulk bouder
sulking pr. boudant
tirer la gueule= to be sulking

FUSE = fuze (British) n [+plug] fusible m
→ Remove the fuse before beginning electrical work.
→ The fuse blew as he pressed the button to start the motor.
The fuse has blown. = Le fusible a sauté.
to blow a fuse (fig) =[person] péter un fusible * to have a short fuse fig) = [person] se mettre en rogne facilement
[+bomb] amorce f ,détonateur m → A bomb was deactivated at the last moment, after the fuse had been lit.vt

ELECTRICITY, ELECTRONICS
to fuse the lights = faire sauter les fusibles, faire sauter les plombs → She fused the lights.
→ Glass is made by fusing various types of sand. = [+substance, metal] mettre en fusion
[+styles] = fusionner = → What they have done is fuse two different types of entertainment, the circus and the rock concert
→ His music of that period fused the rhythms of jazz with classical forms
vi [metal] fondre
→ [bones] fusionner = The skull bones fuse between the ages of 15 and 25. to fuse with sth = fusionner avec qch
→ Conception occurs when a single sperm fuses with an egg → [lights] sauter = The lights have fused. (fig) (=come together) fusionner → the myths and foreign ancestry which fused in the Caribbean → Past and present fuse.
→? fuse together vt [+bones] fusionner
→ I'm going to try an operation on your spinal cord to fuse the bones together
vi [atoms, bones] fusionner
→ The hydrogen atoms fuse together
fuse box n boîte f à fusibles
fuse wire n fusible m

COO = vi roucouler

PRY = s'immiscer / Ela might think she was prying.
I don't mean to pry, but ... Je ne voudrais pas m'immiscer, mais 

AMID = au milieu de ; parmi / amid fears = par peur, par crainte

CERVIX = col de l'utérus

WUTHERING = Gemir 

GIDDY adj (=dizzy)
to be giddy /to feel giddy = avoir la tête qui tourne
He had a headache and felt giddy.
to feel giddy with excitement ne plus tenir en place
→ She was giddy with excitement as she waited for his train to arrive.
[height]vertigineux (-euse) / (=thoughtless) étourdi (e)

HATCHET MAN homme de main hatchet, hatchet job, hatch hatchet man tueur à gages HATCH vi[chick, egg] éclore
→ She stays in the nest until the chicks hatch.
→ After ten days, the eggs hatch.
→ Escape hatch (in roof, floor) trappe f de secours

ENDOWMENT (=money) dotation [+talent, quality]
→ to have an endowment of sth = être doté (e) de qch
→ She had, moreover, a reasonable endowment of intelligence

RUT (in ground) ornière f
(ZOOLOGY) rut
(=boring routine) routine
to be in a rut = suivre l'ornière, s'encroûter

HEED = vt = take notice of [+advice, warning] tenir compte de
→ Few at the conference in London last week heeded his warning.
to pay heed to sb/sth = tenir compte de qn/qch
→ He pays too much heed these days to his nephew Tom.
to take no heed ne pas faire attention
→ But what if the government takes no heed?

TINCTURE = teinture

SKIRT n (=garment) jupe f
→ we shall be skirting the island on our way =go around= longer
→ we raced across a large field that skirted the slope of a hill
→ He was skirting the issue. Get to the point! I said. (=avoid) [+issue, problem] contourner
divided skirt n jupe-culotte f
mini-skirt , miniskirt minijupe
skirt around , skirt round
vt fus (=go around) contourner
→ She skirted round the rug so as not to get mud on it.
(=avoid) [+issue, problem] contourner

YOKEL = n (=bumpkin) péquenaud (e) m/f
→ yoke, yodel, yolk, yoke together
yokel n. = péquenaud

RECOIL vi [person] reculer
to recoil from sb/sth [+person, sight] reculer devant qn/qch
→ He tried to put his arm round her, but she recoiled from him.
→ He recoiled in horror from the savagery which he witnessed.
to recoil from doing sth = répugner à faire qch
gun reculer n [+gun] recul m

SLANDER = diffamer diffamation .

BEHOLD = (beheld pt, pp)vt apercevoir, voir
→ She was a terrible sight to behold

MEAD = hydromel ( pré )

SHOVE = vt (=push) pousser
→ He dragged her out to the door and shoved her into the street.
to shove sb out of the way = écarter qn en le poussant
He shoved me out of the way. Il m'a écarté en me poussant.
→ We'll shove an extra paragraph in here.
→ (=put) fourrer = He shoved a cloth in my hand. = Il m'a fourré un torchon dans la main.
vi pousser
→ She shoved as hard as she could.
Everyone was pushing and shoving. Tout le monde se bousculait.
n poussée f to give sb/sth a shove pousser qn/qch → The car won't start. Can you give it a shove?
if push comes to shove * au pire
shove off vi (NAUTICAL, NAVAL) pousser au large
(=go away) ficher le camp * → Shove off, I'm trying to read

COVENANT = n (=formal agreement) contrat m (=promise to give money) engagement m vt [+sum]
to covenant £200 per year to a charity = s'engager à verser 200 livres par an à une œuvre de bienfaisance

BOULDER = gros rocher (généralement lisse, arrondi)
Bouldering = escalade/varape /rock-climbing

DOORMAT = n (=mat) paillasson m
→ (=weak person) paillasson m , carpette f
→ to treat sb like a doormat (=without respect) traiter qn comme un chien
→ Ever since then you've treated me like a doormat.

SQUAWKING = squawk ,cri rauque ,piailler, caqueter

FIEND = démon /such a saint to his patients and such a fiend to his children

LUG = trainer/trimballer luggage

KILN = four / Lime kiln n. four à chaux

STINGY = radin / avare

LARCH = mélèze

SPATE = (series) vague
→ a spate of = une vague de [+attacks,scandals]
→ to be in spate[river]être en crue

DISCREPENCY = between versions, opinions = divergence

QUITOXIC =adj chimérique ; donquichottesque ; vain ; généreux
→ He has always lived his life by a hopelessly quixotic code of honour

FAWN (=young deer) faon m
(=colour) beige m foncé
adj - fawn-coloured fauve, beige foncé
→ Tania was wearing a light fawn coat

COAX exhorter cajoler
→ to coax sb into doing sth = amadouer qn pour qu'il fasse qch

FRAY = to enter the fray, to join the fray[competitor] entrer en lice
Jump into the fray, enter the fray descendre dans l'arène, enter the fray vt.
entrer en lice ; se jeter dans
→ ... a second round of voting when new candidates can enter the fray
→ Diesel has also entered the fray, with novelty packaging
→ Last year Asda joined the fray with a travel insurance policy
the political fray = la mêlée politique
→ You must place yourself beyond parties and above the political fray
vt [+material] effilocher
vi [fabric, cuff, stitching] s'effilocher
→ The cotton had begun to fray at the edges

INDULGE = vt (=spoil) [+person] gâter
→ It pleased me to indulge her.
→ He did not agree with indulging children.
[+passion, whim] céder à, satisfaire
→ He returned to Britain so that he could indulge his passion for football.
to indulge o.s. se faire plaisir
→ You can indulge yourself without spending a fortune.
vi to indulge in sth [+treat, luxury] se permettre qch
→ Only rarely will she indulge in a glass of wine.
[+pastime, passion] s'adonner à qch
→ enabling him to indulge in his favourite pastime of gambling

BEHEST = ordre At the behest of conj. à la diligence de ; à la dem ... at the behest of sb exp. =sur l'ordre de qn at sb's behest exp. = sur l'ordre de qn

SLUMBER ==n sommeil m → She fell into a heavy slumber.
slumber party n. soirée pyjama
to have a slumber party inviter des amis (amies) à passer la nuit chez soi
→ I'm having a slumber party for my birthday
slumber n. somnolence
slumber =v. sommeiller
slumber wear =n. tenues pour la nuit
slumber away =v.dormir paisiblement

HUMDRUM adj [existence, job] monotone, routinier (-ière)
→Her lawyer husband, trapped in a humdrum but well-paid job .

KILN = four /Lime kiln n. four à chaux

THRIVE = ( thrived, throve pt)( thrived, thriven pp vi (= grow well) [animal, plant] prospérer

ARSON = incendie criminel SLAYER = tueur Slay /slew/ slain

PRY = s'immiscer / Ela might think she was prying.
I don't mean to pry, but = Je ne voudrais pas m'immiscer, mais

RAVENOUS = adj affamé (e)
to be ravenous avoir une faim de loup / I'm ravenous! J'ai une faim de loup!

KNEAD=kneaded [+dough] pétrir malaxer / dégourdir knead oneself

SCOLD vt sermonner
→ Mother scolded me this morning for being rude to you
gronder ; réprimander ; sermonner ; gourmander

SQUAWKING = squawk ,cri rauque ,piailler, caqueter

IMPUGN =[+motives, integrity] contester

WITHER = [flower] faner [plant, crops] sécher sur pied
→ farmers in the Midwest have watched their crops wither because of drought conditions
(=become weak [person,industry] dépérir[industry] péricliter
? The question now is whether the railways will flourish or wither. [hopes] s'évanouir

TODDLER =enfant , bambin
Toddle = vi [child] faire ses premiers pas

GALLSTONE =calcul biliaire He had surgery for gallstones

LINGERING = adj [hope, doubt, feeling] persistant (e)
→ lingering doubts remained

WAIN = chariot haywain chariot de foin

MIRE empêtrer embourber patauger → Fange / bourbier = the mire (=serious difficulties)
They have struggled out of the mire.Ils se sont sortis du bourbier.
to be in the mire = être dans le bourbier
→ The Transport Secretary is in the mire again
to sink into the mire (=get into difficulties) s'embourber
→ his rivals gradually sank into the mire
to be deep in the mire être embourbé dans la crise
a company deep in the mire une compagnie profondément embourbée dans la crise

PIT = hole in the ground / trou m , fosse

SLAYER = tueur Slay /slew/ slain

QUILT = Couette/ plaid / matelasser /capitonnage / Édredon

LICORICE = réglisse

POACHING = braconnage

FAWN = (=young deer) faon m
(=colour) beige m foncé
adj - fawn-coloured fauve, beige foncé
Tania was wearing a light fawn coat

BERSEK [person, outburst] fou (folle) furieux (-euse)
to go berserk (=become furious) devenir fou furieux
She went berserk.Elle est devenue folle furieuse. (=go crazy) se déchaîne

BEGUILE vt (=enchant) captiver
→ The former France midfield player has beguiled audiences since his arrival from Paris
to beguile sb into doing sth = enjôler qn pour qu'il fasse
beguile = séduire (vt.) ; tromper (vt.) ; amener (+inf.) (vt.)

BEREAVEMENT = ( = loss of loved one) perte f (d'un proche) , deuil
→Il y a eu un deuil dans la famille. There's been a bereavement in the family
→ There's been a death in the family.
fermé pour cause de deuil closed due to bereavement
→ porter le deuil to wear mourning
→ prendre le deuil to go into mourning
→ être en deuil to be in mourning
→ MOURNING (=période)porter le deuil = to wear mourning
prendre le deuil = to go into mourning
être en deuil to be in mourning
→GRIEF = chagrin

PONDER vi réfléchir
→ What are you thinking about? Oh, I'm just pondering.
to ponder about sth = réfléchir à qch
→ He'd been sitting in his room, pondering about his future.
(=think about)
[+question, problem] considérer
to ponder how se demander comment
→ I'm continually pondering how to improve the team.
to ponder why = se demander pourquoi

BERATE = rebuke = réprimander
to berate sb for sth = réprimander qn pour qch

MOLD ? mouldy = moisi growing / become moldy =v. chancir

AWOL = absent without leave adj (MILITARY) en absence irrégulière
to be AWOL = être en absence irrégulière
to go AWOL =(MILITARY)= être en absence irrégulière humorous (=disappear)[person] disparaître de la circulation
→ His real father had gone AWOL about 17 years earlier
→ Kenneth contacted Stagecoach to complain , but was told the driver had gone AWOL after the incident last Monday

MANE = nf crinière

FUDGE = caramel mou / esquive 

HOOT = vi [driver] klaxonner/huer/hululer/mugir

COAX exhorter cajoler to coax sb into doing sth amadouer qn pour qu'il fasse qch

DALLY = vi (=dawdle) musarder, flâner ;
The children dallied in the lane.         
→ to dally with sb (=flirt) badiner love avec qn 
→ to dally with an idea = caresser une idée ; I'm dallying with the idea of giving up my job.
dilly-dally vi = traînasser , lambiner
'Let us not dilly-dally,' barked President Fox

EMBER = braise /fan the embers = attiser les braises

WILY (prononcer whyly) adj rusé (e) / astucieux

DWELL =( dwelt pt, pp )vi demeurer
→ the forest and the Indians who dwell there
→ dwell on vt fus
[+memory, idea] s'éterniser sur → I'd rather not dwell on the past. → Don't dwell on it

NOOSE = noeud ; noeud coulant

QUILT= Couette/ plaid / matelasser /capitonnage / Édredon

DOE = biche (lapine hase )

WRY = amused and annoyed désabusé(e) = ironic

STALWART = n fidèle partisan(e) m/f
stalwart = adj. vigoureux / fidèle

GOAD = aiguillonner/Charles was always goading me!
→to goad sb into doing sth harceler qn jusqu'à ce qu'il fasse qch
→She was being goaded into an argument by Tom

SHENANIGEN = manigances/magouille/tour

RELINQUISH abandonner
vt [+power, claim] renoncer à
→ He does not intend to relinquish power.
→ He relinquished his claim to the throne

NOOSE = noeud ; noeud coulant

SEVER vt = cut through
[+limb, artery] sectionner [+pipe, wire] couper
→ A bulldozer had severed a gas main.
[break off] [+relations] rompre
to sever all ties with sb rompre tout lien avec qn
She had severed all ties with her parents. Elle avait rompu tout lien avec ses parents

CILANTRO = Coriandre

MEAD = hydromel ( pré )

COG = dent d'engrenage / être un rouage de la machine

ATONE = to atone for sth expier qch, racheter qch

ESCROW n. dépôt fiduciaire
escrow account n.compte bloqué
in escrow = sous séquestre / en dépôt

FURLOUGH (US) = [+worker] congé / [+soldier] permission